|The museum of Santa Giulia
this incredible museum is one of the most important complexes of the early middle ages in Northern Italy. Founded in 753 by the Lombard King Desiderio, the monastery was expanded several times until the Renaissance. The complex contains the Basilica of San Salvatore, of Lombard origin, the Church of Santa Giulia, the Church of Santa Maria in Solario, which houses the Treasure of Santa Giulia, and three Renaissance cloisters. Three Roman villas were discovered under the larger cloister, the Domus dell’Ortaglia. The monastery area was acquired by the Municipality, which has turned the Church of Santa Giulia into the “Museo della Città” where one can follow the history of Brescia from the Bronze Age through to the Renaissance. The museum regularly hosts large art shows.
Brescia (pronounced Bresh-ya) is a town in the north of Italy, located in the region of Lombardy between Milan and Verona. It's a historic city with good public transport links which makes a good jumping-off point for Lakes Garda and Iseo.
It is today the second largest city in Lombardy, Brescia was founded by the Cenomani Gauls as their capital several centuries before the Romans captured it in 197 BC. During the Roman Republic and later the Pax Romana of the Empire, the city of Brixia, as it was called, grew in size and importance as a center of trade and commerce in Northern Italy.
Brescia is home to several noteworthy sacred buildings, including the 13th century late Romanesque Franciscan monastery San Francisco. The building features a simple façade, which is characteristic of the early Renaissance.
The city is also home to the Tempio Capitolino e Teatro Romano, which was constructed around 75 BC, and is a classic example of a pre-Roman Empire style theater. Located on the hillside using Greek design, this theater could have held as many as 15,000 spectators.
|l castello di Brescia,
Sitting at the top of the Cidneo Hill, the castle dates back to ancient times. Fortified since the Roman Era, and probably a watchtower during the period of the Goths, it gradually took on its present aspect during the Visconti dynasty in the first half of the 14th century. The keep has a cylindrical tower called the “Mirabella” that is 22 meters tall and from the 13th century.
The Castello di Brescia, a few minutes walk (uphill) from the city center is notably of similar romanesque construction with its round tower referred to as the Mirabella echoing the old cathedral in the city over which it looks. The castle is a citadel unto itself of fortified towers, courtyards, drawbridges and dungeons. Originally a Roman fortification and a watch tower defensive position in the Goth period in the dark ages, the present castle took its shape during the Visconti reign of the 1300’s and was later added to by the Venetians, the French and Austro-Hungarians who controlled central north Italy.
The castle houses the Museum of Ancient Weapons in the 14th century keep. One of the most important armor collections in Italy, it contains over 500 articles of armor suits, helmets, lances, swords and shields, many from Brescia's early local arms industry craftsmen displayed under original 14th century frescoes in many of its rooms and built on the foundation of an earlier Roman temple still visible.
|Museo Mille Miglia
The Mille Miglia Museum is open to the public every day but Mondays from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm.
It is located in the old Cloister of S. Eufemia, Brescia
9:00am – 6:00 pm (Tuesday to Sunday)
Closed on Monday